Referencia

Neuron. 2013 Jan 9;77(1):35-42. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2012.10.035

Autores

Antonio Rodríguez-Moreno, Ana González-Rueda, Abhishek Banerjee, A. Louise Upton, Michael T. Craig MT and Ole Paulsen

Resumen

A central tenet of most theories of synaptic modification during cortical development is that correlated activity drives plasticity in synaptically-connected neurons. Unexpectedly, however, using sensory-evoked activity patterns recorded from the developing mouse cortex in vivo, the synaptic learning rule that we uncover here relies solely on the presynaptic neuron. A burst of three presynaptic spikes followed, within a restricted time window, by a single presynaptic spike induces robust long-term depression (LTD) at developing layer 4-to-layer 2/3 synapses. This presynaptic spike pattern-dependent LTD (p-LTD) can be induced by individual presynaptic layer 4 cells, requires presynaptic NMDA receptors and calcineurin, and is expressed presynaptically. However, in contrast to spike timing-dependent LTD, p-LTD is independent of postsynaptic and astroglial signalling. This spike pattern-dependent learning rule complements timing-based rules and is likely to play a role in the pruning of synaptic input during cortical development.

Descripción

Este trabajo describe el descubrimiento de una nueva forma de plasticidad en el sistema nervioso (una nueva forma de depresión de larga duración, LTD). Esta nueva forma de LTD (p-LTD) se induce por un patrón de estimulación natural (existente en el cerebro in vivo) consistente en 3 espigas a alta frecuencia (50-200 Hz) seguida de una espiga individual unos milisegundos (50-200) más tarde. Esta p-LTD existe a nivel de neuronas individuales y requiere de la activación de receptores de glutamato de tipo NMDA y de la activación de la fosfatasa calcineurina a nivel presináptico. En contra de las formas hebbianas de plasticidad esta forma de LTD no requiere de la fisiología de la célula postsináptica ni tampoco de las células gliales.

imagen mar

REFERENCIA DEL GRUPO INVESTIGADOR

Antonio Rodríguez-Moreno es Director del Laboratorio de Neurociencia Celular y Plasticidad de la Universidad Pablo de Olavide. Su grupo de investigación se dedica al estudio de los fenómenos plásticos del cerebro y de los sistemas de señalización implicados. Ana González-Rueda (Laboratory of Physiology, University of Cambridge) colabora en la búsqueda de nuevas reglas de plasticidad en el cerebro de los mamíferos.

Para ver el artículo completo, pulse aqui

Más artículos en la revista SEBBM.

¿Acabas de publicar un artículo interesante?

Manda la referencia a través de nuestro formulario.  Límite de edad 32 años. Los artículos seleccionados serán destacados como artículos del mes y participarán en el Premio al mejor artículo de jóvenes de la SEBBM, que se entregará en el congreso de la SEBBM (inscripción y alojamiento gratuitos).

Otros "Artículos del mes"

Renal tubule Cpt1a overexpression protects from kidney fibrosis by restoring mitochondrial homeostasis

25-04-2021

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains a major epidemiological, clinical, and biomedical challenge. During CKD, renal tubular epithelial cells (TECs) present a persistent inflammatory and profibrotic response. Fatty acid oxidation (FAO)...

Leer más

Astrocyte-mediated switch in spike timing-dependent plasticity during hippocampal development

29-03-2021

Presynaptic spike timing-dependent long-term depression (t-LTD) at hippocampal CA3-CA1 synapses is evident until the 3rd postnatal week in mice, disappearing during the 4th week. At more mature stages, we found...

Leer más

Ceramide chain length–dependent protein sorting into selective endoplasmic reticulum exit sites

22-02-2021

Protein sorting in the secretory pathway is crucial to maintain cellular compartmentalization and homeostasis. In addition to coat-mediated sorting, the role of lipids in driving protein sorting during secretory transport...

Leer más

Antigen retrieval and clearing for whole-organ immunofluorescence by FLASH

25-01-2021

Advances in light-sheet and confocal microscopy now allow imaging of cleared large biological tissue samples and enable the 3D appreciation of cell and protein localization in their native organ environment...

Leer más

Viral Bcl2s' transmembrane domain interact with host Bcl2 proteins to control cellular apoptosis

08-01-2021

Viral control of programmed cell death relies in part on the expression of viral analogs of the B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl2) protein known as viral Bcl2s (vBcl2s). vBcl2s control apoptosis...

Leer más

Macrophages promote endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition via MT1-MMP/TGFß after myocardial infarction

01-12-2020

Macrophages (Mφs) produce factors that participate in cardiac repair and remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI); however, how these factors crosstalk with other cell types mediating repair is not fully understood...

Leer más

Cell identity and nucleo-mitochondrial genetic context modulate OXPHOS performance and determine somatic heteroplasmy dynamics

30-10-2020

Heteroplasmy, multiple variants of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in the same cytoplasm, may be naturally generated by mutations but is counteracted by a genetic mtDNA bottleneck during oocyte development. Engineered heteroplasmic...

Leer más

Mechanisms of autoregulation of C3G, activator of the GTPase Rap1, and its catalytic deregulation in lymphomas

01-10-2020

C3G is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) that regulates cell adhesion and migration by activating the GTPase Rap1. The GEF activity of C3G is stimulated by the adaptor proteins...

Leer más

Expression of the long non-coding RNA TCL6 is associated with clinical outcome in pediatric B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia

31-08-2020

The reciprocal translocation t(12;21)(p13;q22)[ETV6/RUNX1] is the most frequent chromosomal rearrangement in pediatric B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia(B-ALL). Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in numerous diseases and they represent an...

Leer más

Evaluation of different approaches used to study membrane permeabilization by actinoporins on model lipid vesicles

30-07-2020

Release of aqueous contents from model lipid vesicles has been a standard procedure to evaluate pore formation efficiency by actinoporins, such as sticholysin II (StnII), for the last few decades...

Leer más

Socios Protectores