Referencia

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2012. 109(26): p. 10534-9. Epub 2012 Jun 11. PMID:22689981

Autores

Vicente-Duenas, C., L. Fontan, I. Gonzalez-Herrero, I. Romero-Camarero, V. Segura, M.A. Aznar, E. Alonso-Escudero, E. Campos-Sanchez, L. Ruiz-Roca, M. Barajas-Diego, A. Sagardoy, J.I. Martinez-Ferrandis, F. Abollo-Jimenez, C. Bertolo, I. Penuelas, F.J. Garcia-Criado, M.B. Garcia-Cenador, T. Tousseyn, X. Agirre, F. Prosper, F. Garcia-Bragado, E.D. McPhail, I.S. Lossos, M.Q. Du, T. Flores, J.M. Hernandez-Rivas, M. Gonzalez, A. Salar, B. Bellosillo, E. Conde, R. Siebert, X. Sagaert, C. Cobaleda, I. Sanchez-Garcia, and J.A. Martinez-Climent.

Resumen

Chromosomal translocations involving the MALT1 gene are hallmarks of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. To date, targeting these translocations to mouse B cells has failed to reproduce human disease. Here, we induced MALT1 expression in mouse Sca1+Lin− hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells, which showed NF-κB activation and early lymphoid priming, being selectively skewed toward B-cell differentiation. These cells accumulated in extranodal tissues and gave rise to clonal tumors recapitulating the principal clinical, biological, and molecular genetic features of MALT lymphoma. Deletion of p53 gene accelerated tumor onset and induced transformation of MALT lymphoma to activated B-cell diffuse large-cell lymphoma (ABC-DLBCL). Treatment of MALT1-induced lymphomas with a specific inhibitor of MALT1 proteolytic activity decreased cell viability, indicating that endogenous Malt1 signaling was required for tumor cell survival. Our study shows that human-like lymphomas can be modeled in mice by targeting MALT1 expression to hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells, demonstrating the oncogenic role of MALT1 in lymphomagenesis. Furthermore, this work establishes a molecular link between MALT lymphoma and ABC-DLBCL, and provides mouse models to test MALT1 inhibitors. Finally, our results suggest that hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells may be involved in the pathogenesis of human mature B-cell lymphomas.

Descripción

En el trabajo publicado en la revista PNAS se describe cómo han conseguido reproducir la patología humana en el ratón con una aproximación experimental muy novedosa. La patología estudiada es un tipo de enfermedad denominado Linfoma MALT (linfoma localizado en el tejido linfoide asociado a mucosas) y se ha utilizado una aproximación experimental que permite y limita la expresión de un oncogén (MALT1) a células stem o progenitores dentro del sistema hematopoyético. De este modo, se demuestra por primera vez que es posible reproducir las características histológicas y moleculares de la enfermedad humana en ratón. En consecuencia, se ha generado un nuevo modelo de ratón donde probar posibles terapias frente a esta enfermedad. Por último, estos resultados sugieren que las células stem o progenitores celulares del sistema hematopoyético pueden estar implicadas en la patogénesis de los linfomas en humanos, un hecho hasta ahora no descrito.

imagen noviembre

REFERENCIA DEL GRUPO INVESTIGADOR

Este trabajo es el fruto de la colaboración de diferentes grupos de investigación. Los ratones han sido generados y caracterizados por grupos del CSIC pertenecientes al Instituto de Biología Molecular y Celular del Cáncer de Salamanca (CSIC-Universidad de Salamanca) y al Centro de Biologia Molecular Severo Ochoa de Madrid (CBMSO). El modelo de ratón generado ha sido comparado con la patología humana mediante análisis de expresión génica en el Centro de Investigación Médica Aplicada de Pamplona (CIMA).

Para ver el artículo completo, pulse aqui

Más artículos en la revista SEBBM.

¿Acabas de publicar un artículo interesante?

Manda la referencia a través de nuestro formulario.  Límite de edad 32 años. Los artículos seleccionados serán destacados como artículos del mes y participarán en el Premio al mejor artículo de jóvenes de la SEBBM, que se entregará en el congreso de la SEBBM (inscripción y alojamiento gratuitos).

Otros "Artículos del mes"

Renal tubule Cpt1a overexpression protects from kidney fibrosis by restoring mitochondrial homeostasis

25-04-2021

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains a major epidemiological, clinical, and biomedical challenge. During CKD, renal tubular epithelial cells (TECs) present a persistent inflammatory and profibrotic response. Fatty acid oxidation (FAO)...

Leer más

Astrocyte-mediated switch in spike timing-dependent plasticity during hippocampal development

29-03-2021

Presynaptic spike timing-dependent long-term depression (t-LTD) at hippocampal CA3-CA1 synapses is evident until the 3rd postnatal week in mice, disappearing during the 4th week. At more mature stages, we found...

Leer más

Ceramide chain length–dependent protein sorting into selective endoplasmic reticulum exit sites

22-02-2021

Protein sorting in the secretory pathway is crucial to maintain cellular compartmentalization and homeostasis. In addition to coat-mediated sorting, the role of lipids in driving protein sorting during secretory transport...

Leer más

Antigen retrieval and clearing for whole-organ immunofluorescence by FLASH

25-01-2021

Advances in light-sheet and confocal microscopy now allow imaging of cleared large biological tissue samples and enable the 3D appreciation of cell and protein localization in their native organ environment...

Leer más

Viral Bcl2s' transmembrane domain interact with host Bcl2 proteins to control cellular apoptosis

08-01-2021

Viral control of programmed cell death relies in part on the expression of viral analogs of the B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl2) protein known as viral Bcl2s (vBcl2s). vBcl2s control apoptosis...

Leer más

Macrophages promote endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition via MT1-MMP/TGFß after myocardial infarction

01-12-2020

Macrophages (Mφs) produce factors that participate in cardiac repair and remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI); however, how these factors crosstalk with other cell types mediating repair is not fully understood...

Leer más

Cell identity and nucleo-mitochondrial genetic context modulate OXPHOS performance and determine somatic heteroplasmy dynamics

30-10-2020

Heteroplasmy, multiple variants of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in the same cytoplasm, may be naturally generated by mutations but is counteracted by a genetic mtDNA bottleneck during oocyte development. Engineered heteroplasmic...

Leer más

Mechanisms of autoregulation of C3G, activator of the GTPase Rap1, and its catalytic deregulation in lymphomas

01-10-2020

C3G is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) that regulates cell adhesion and migration by activating the GTPase Rap1. The GEF activity of C3G is stimulated by the adaptor proteins...

Leer más

Expression of the long non-coding RNA TCL6 is associated with clinical outcome in pediatric B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia

31-08-2020

The reciprocal translocation t(12;21)(p13;q22)[ETV6/RUNX1] is the most frequent chromosomal rearrangement in pediatric B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia(B-ALL). Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in numerous diseases and they represent an...

Leer más

Evaluation of different approaches used to study membrane permeabilization by actinoporins on model lipid vesicles

30-07-2020

Release of aqueous contents from model lipid vesicles has been a standard procedure to evaluate pore formation efficiency by actinoporins, such as sticholysin II (StnII), for the last few decades...

Leer más

Socios Protectores