Oncogene. 2020 Apr;39(18):3738-3753. doi: 10.1038/s41388-020-1248-x
Imagen revista Oncogene


Adenosine deaminases acting on RNA (ADARs) convert adenosine to inosine in double-stranded RNA. A-to-I editing of RNA is a widespread posttranscriptional process that has recently emerged as an important mechanism in cancer biology. A-to-I editing levels are high in several human cancers, including thyroid cancer, but ADAR1 editase-dependent mechanisms governing thyroid cancer progression are unexplored. To address the importance of RNA A-to-I editing in thyroid cancer, we examined the role of ADAR1. Loss-of-function analysis showed that ADAR1 suppression profoundly repressed proliferation, invasion, and migration in thyroid tumor cell models. These observations were validated in an in vivo xenograft model, which showed that ADAR1-silenced cells had a diminished ability to form tumors. RNA editing of miRNAs has the potential to markedly alter target recognition. According to TCGA data, the tumor suppressor miR-200b is overedited in thyroid tumors, and its levels of editing correlate with a worse progression-free survival and disease stage. We confirmed miR-200b overediting in thyroid tumors and we showed that edited miR-200b has weakened activity against its target gene ZEB1 in thyroid cancer cells, likely explaining the reduced aggressiveness of ADAR1-silenced cells. We also found that RAS, but not BRAF, modulates ADAR1 levels, an effect mediated predominantly by PI3K and in part by MAPK. Lastly, pharmacological inhibition of ADAR1 activity with the editing inhibitor 8-azaadenosine reduced cancer cell aggressiveness. Overall, our data implicate ADAR1-mediated A-to-I editing as an important pathway in thyroid cancer progression, and highlight RNA editing as a potential therapeutic target in thyroid cancer.


En este trabajo hemos establecido por primera vez el papel de la edición del ARN en cáncer de tiroides. En particular, hemos demostrado que la edición en el ARN es un proceso que se encuentra incrementado en cáncer de tiroides, y que la principal enzima encargada de este proceso, denominada ADAR1 (double-stranded RNA-specific adenosine deaminase), actúa como un oncogén. Además, hemos descrito que uno de los mecanismos de acción de ADAR1 es la edición del miR-200b, un importante supresor tumoral que disminuye los niveles de la proteína de transición epitelio mesénquima ZEB1. Finalmente, los resultados obtenidos describen nuevas aplicaciones terapéuticas que podrían establecer las bases de futuros tratamientos para el cáncer de tiroides.


 foto labo


Nuestro grupo, dirigido por la doctora Pilar Santisteban, se centra en el estudio de los mecanismos moleculares implicados en el desarrollo y progresión del cáncer de tiroides, estudiando el mecanismo de acción de oncogenes y vías de señalización. Este trabajo se ha realizado en colaboración con el grupo del Dr. Frank Slack de la universidad de Harvard (Boston, EEUU), donde la autora principal ha realizado parte de esta investigación..

Leer más

¿Acabas de publicar un artículo interesante?

Manda la referencia a través de nuestro formulario.  Límite de edad 32 años. Los artículos seleccionados serán destacados como artículos del mes y participarán en el Premio al mejor artículo de jóvenes de la SEBBM, que se entregará en el congreso de la SEBBM (inscripción y alojamiento gratuitos).

Otros "Artículos del mes"

Evaluation of different approaches used to study membrane permeabilization by actinoporins on model lipid vesicles


Release of aqueous contents from model lipid vesicles has been a standard procedure to evaluate pore formation efficiency by actinoporins, such as sticholysin II (StnII), for the last few decades...

Leer más

ADAR1-mediated RNA editing is a novel oncogenic process in thyroid cancer and regulates miR-200 activity


Adenosine deaminases acting on RNA (ADARs) convert adenosine to inosine in double-stranded RNA. A-to-I editing of RNA is a widespread posttranscriptional process that has recently emerged as an important mechanism...

Leer más

Sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ decreases with age and correlates with the decline in muscle function in Drosophila


Sarcopenia, the loss of muscle mass and strength associated with age, has been linked to impairment of the cytosolic Ca2+ peak that triggers muscle contraction, but mechanistic details remain unknown...

Leer más

Structural basis for substrate specificity and catalysis of α1,6-fucosyltransferase


Core-fucosylation is an essential biological modification by which a fucose is transferred from GDP-β-L-fucose to the innermost N-acetylglucosamine residue of N-linked glycans. A single human enzyme α1,6-fucosyltransferase (FUT8) is the...

Leer más

Molecular basis for fibroblast growth factor 23 O-glycosylation by GalNAc-T3


Polypeptide GalNAc-transferase T3 (GalNAc-T3) regulates fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) by O-glycosylating Thr178 in a furin proprotein processing motif RHT 178R ↓S. FGF23 regulates phosphate homeostasis and deficiency in GALNT3...

Leer más

Identification of distinct maturation steps involved in human 40S ribosomal subunit biosynthesis


Technical problems intrinsic to the purification of preribosome intermediates have limited our understanding of ribosome biosynthesis in humans. Addressing this issue is important given the implication of this biological process...

Leer más

Unraveling the cellular origin and clinical prognostic markers of infant B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia using genome-wide analysis


B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the commonest childhood cancer. In infants, B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia remains fatal, especially in patients with t(4;11), present in ~80% of cases. The pathogenesis of...

Leer más

Mip6 binds directly to the Mex67 UBA domain to maintain low levels of Msn2/4 stress-dependent mRNAs


RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) participate in all steps of gene expression, underscoring their potential as regulators of RNA homeostasis. We structurally and functionally characterize Mip6, a four-RNA recognition motif (RRM)-containing RBP...

Leer más

A bacterial light response reveals an orphan desaturase for human plasmalogen synthesis


Plasmalogens are glycerophospholipids with a hallmark sn-1 vinyl ether bond. These lipids are found in animals and some bacteria and have proposed membrane organization, signaling, and antioxidant roles. We discovered...

Leer más

The structure of a polygamous repressor reveals how phage-inducible chromosomal islands spread in nature


Stl is a master repressor encoded by Staphylococcus aureus pathogenicity islands (SaPIs) that maintains integration of these elements in the bacterial chromosome. After infection or induction of a resident helper...

Leer más

Socios Protectores